Research and Publications

Research outputs from the Center take a variety of forms, including white papers, scholarly articles, books and book chapters, and blog posts. This page collects the research work of the Center and its affiliated faculty.

The views expressed are solely those of the individual authors and do not necessarily reflect the position of the Center for Media Law and Policy or the institutions with which the authors are affiliated.

Freedom of Expression

David ArdiaBeyond the Marketplace of Ideas: Bridging Theory and Doctrine to Promote Self-Governance, 16 Harv. L. & Pol'y Rev. 275 (2022)2022
Mary-Rose PapandreaThe Future of the First Amendment Foretold in Mahanoy v. B.L., 57 Wake Forest L. Rev. __ (2022)2022
Stephanie Mahin & Victoria EkstrandOld Law, New Tech, and Citizen-Created Hashtags: #BlackLivesMatter and the Case for Provisional Hashtag Marks, Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly2021
Mary-Rose PapandreaMahanoy v. B.L. & First Amendment “Leeway,” 2021 Supreme Ct. Rev. 53 (2021)2021
Victoria Ekstrand & Shao ChengyuanThe State of Campus Free Expression in North Carolina: A Close Look at the “Restore/Preserve Campus Free Speech Act, Communication Law and Policy 22: 427-460.2021
Ekstrand, V.S., Leow A., & MEJO 448 StudentsCampus Expression and COVID, an oral history study with the UNC Southern Oral History Project2020
Victoria EkstrandCyberlaw Taught Us Everything, Actually. Communication Law and Policy2020
Amanda ReidFructifying The First Amendment: An Asymmetric Approach To Constitutional Fact Doctrine, 11 Fed. Ct. L. Rev. 109 (2019)2019
Amanda ReidSafeguarding Fair Use Through First Amendment’s Asymmetric Constitutional Fact Review,
William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, Vol. 28, No. 23, 2019
Mary-Rose PapandreaThe Great Unfulfilled Promise of Tinker, 105 Va. L. Rev. Online 159 (2019) 2019
Mary-Rose PapandreaThe Missing Marketplace of Ideas Theory, 94 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1725-48 (2019) 2019
Victoria Ekstrand & Shao ChengyuanFreedom of Speech on the UNC Chapel Hill Campus: What Students Understand About First Amendment Issues2019
Mary-Rose PapandreaThe Free Speech Rights of University Students, 101 Minn. L. Rev. 1801-1861 (2017) 2017
Victoria EkstrandDemocratic Governance, Self-Fulfillment, and Disability: Internet Accessibility under the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) and the First Amendment, Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly 98 (1):13-36.2017
Mary-Rose PapandreaSocial Media, Public School Teachers, and the First Amendment, 90 N.C. L. Rev 1597 (2012)2012
David ArdiaGovernment Speech and Online Forums: First Amendment Limitations on Moderating Public Discourse on Government Websites, 2010 BYU L. Rev. 1981 (2010)2010

Misinformation and Political Communication

David Ardia & Evan RingelFirst Amendment Limits on State Laws Targeting Election Misinformation, 20 First Amend. L. Rev. 291 (2022)2022
David Ardia, Evan Ringel & Allysan ScatterdayState Regulation of Election-Related Speech in the U.S.: An Overview and Comparative Analysis, UNC Center for Media Law and Policy2021
David Ardia, Evan Ringel, Victoria Ekstrand & Ashley FoxAddressing the Decline of Local News, Rise of Platforms, and Spread of Mis- and Disinformation Online: A Summary of Current Research and Policy Proposals, UNC Center for Media Law and Policy2021
Victoria Ekstrand & Ashley FoxRegulating the Political Wild West: State Efforts to Disclose Sources of Online Political Advertising, Notre Dame Journal of Legislation2021
Ashley Fox & Tori EkstrandRegulating the Political Wild West: State Efforts to Address Online Political Advertising, UNC Center for Media Law and Policy2020
Bridget Barrett, Daniel Kreiss, Ashley Fox, and Tori EkstrandPolitical Advertising on Platforms in the United States: A Brief Primer, UNC Center for Technology and Public Life2020

Intermediary Liability and Speech Torts

Amanda ReidConsidering Fair Use: DMCA’s Take Down & Repeat Infringers Policies, 24 Communication Law & Policy (2019)2019
Mary-Rose PapandreaMedia Litigation in a Post-Gawker World, 93 Tulane L. Rev.1105-46 (2019) 2019
David Kohler, Lee Levine, David Ardia, Dale Cohen & Mary-Rose PapandreaMedia and the Law (Lexis-Nexis 2014)2014
David ArdiaFreedom of Speech, Defamation, and Injunctions, 55 William & Mary L. Rev. 1 (2013)2013
Mary-Rose PapandreaThe Story of New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, in First Amendment Stories 229-63 (Foundation Press 2012) 2012
Cathy Packer, et al.North Carolina Media Law Handbook (N.C. Press Foundation and the UNC-CH School of Journalism and Media).2012
David ArdiaReputation in a Networked World: Revisiting the Social Foundations of Defamation Law, 45 Harv. Civ. Rts. - Civ. Lib. L. Rev. 261 (2010)2010
David ArdiaFree Speech Savior or Shield for Scoundrels: An Empirical Study of Intermediary Immunity Under Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, 43 Loyola of Los Angeles L. Rev. 373 (2010)2010

Journalism and Media Business

Victoria EkstrandApplying Theory and Legal History to Research Press Rights and Freedom, Historiography in Mass Communication2021
Mary-Rose PapandreaRecent Developments in Media Law: Reporter's Privilege, UNC Center for Media Law and Policy2021
Penelope Muse AbernathyNews Deserts and Ghost Newspapers: Will Local News Survive, UNC Hussman School of Journalism and Media2020
Victoria EkstrandThe Public Square is Increasingly Owned by Private Interests. That’s Not Good for Free Speech,” News & Observer op-ed2018
Victoria Ekstrand & Chris RoushFrom “Hot News” to “Hot Data”: The Rise of “Fintech,” the Ownership of Big Data, and the Future of the Hot News Doctrine, Intellectual Property Law Review2018
Penelope Muse AbernathyThe Expanding News Desert, UNC Hussman School of Journalism and Media2018
Victoria Ekstrand & Chris RoushFrom “Hot News” to “Hot Data”: The Rise of “Fintech,” the Ownership of Big Data, and the Future of the Hot News Doctrine, Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal2017
Penelope Muse AbernathyThwarting the Emergence of News Desert, UNC Hussman School of Journalism and Media2017
Penelope Muse AbernathyThe Rise of a New Media Baron and the Emerging Threat of News Deserts, UNC Hussman School of Journalism and Media2016
Penelope Muse AbernathySaving Community Journalism: The Path to Profitability, UNC Hussman School of Journalism and Media2014
Cathy PackerSocial Media Use in Courtrooms, Social Media & the Law: A Guidebook for Communication Students and Professionals, 175-195. (Routledge Publishing, 2013)2013
Dean Smith, David Ardia & Cathy PackerFrom Competition to Cooperation: Engaging Cable, Satellite, Internet and Mobile Broadband Service Providers in Meeting the Information Needs of Communities, UNC Center for Media Law and Policy2012
Cathy PackerThe Politics of Power: A Social Architecture Analysis of the 2005-2008 Shield Law Debate in Congress, 31 Hastings Comm & Ent. L.J. 395 (2009)2009

Privacy and Transparency

David Ardia & Rachael JonesBalancing Transparency and Privacy in the Implementation of Police Body-Worn Camera Systems, UNC Center for Media Law and Policy2018
David ArdiaPrivacy and Court Records: Online Access and the Loss of Practical Obscurity, 2017 Univ. of Ill. L. Rev. 1385 (2017)2017
David ArdiaCourt Transparency and the First Amendment, 38 Cardozo L. Rev. 835 (2017)2016
David Ardia & Anne KlinefelterPrivacy and Court Records: An Empirical Study, 30 Berkeley Tech. L. J. 1807 (2015)2015
Mary-Rose PapandreaNational Security Information Disclosures and the Role of Intent, 56 William & Mary L. Rev.1381 (2015) 2015
Mary-Rose PapandreaLeaker Traitor Whistleblower Spy: National Security Leaks and the First Amendment, 94 B.U. L. Rev. 449-544 (2014) 2014
Cathy PackerShould Courtroom Observers Be Allowed to Use Their Smartphones and Computers in Court? An Examination of the Arguments, 36 Am. J. Trial Advoc. 573 (2013)2013
David Ardia & Cathy PackerA State Public Affairs Network for North Carolina: It’s Time!, UNC Center for Media Law and Policy2013

Intellectual Property

Amanda Reid & Sydney K. NicollaExploring Music Therapists’ Experiences with and Perceptions about Copyrighted Music: AThematic Analysis, J. Music Therapy 1-38 (2022)2022
Amanda ReidReadability, Accessibility, and Clarity: An Analysis of DMCA Repeat Infringer Policies, Jurimetrics Vol. 61 Issue No. 4 (Summer 2021)2021
Amanda Reid & Alex KresovichCopyright as a Barrier to Music Therapy Telehealth Interventions: Qualitative Interview Study, JMIR Formative Research 2021 Aug; 5(8).2021
Amanda Reid & Pablo MiñoWhen Therapy Goes Public: Copyright Gatekeepers and Sharing Therapeutic Artifacts on Social Media, International Journal of Communication 15(2021), 950–9692021
Amanda Reid, S. Sean Tu & Jessica M. KiserFundamentals of United States Intellectual Property Law: Copyright, Patent, and Trademark (7th ed. 2021)2021
Amanda ReidSocial Utility of Music: A Case For A Copyright Exemption For Therapeutic Uses, Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 30, No. 1, 20202020
Amanda ReidDeciding Fair Use, Michigan State Law Review, Vol. 2019, No. 3, 20192019
Amanda ReidCopyright Policy As Catalyst and Barrier to Innovation and Free Expression, Catholic University Law Review, Vol. 68, No. 1, 20192019
Victoria Ekstrand, et al.The Intensification of Copyright: Critical Legal Activism in the Age of Digital Copyright, 53 IDEA 3 (2013)2013